Destination Stakeholders And Policy

Tourism destinations and tourism developments are characterized by interactions between a variety of stakeholders and interests. The various stakeholders involved in any development need to be able to identify the other stakeholders involved (not as easy a task as it might first appear) and identify their salience

about course

Destination Stakeholders And Policy

Destination development and management requires effective and efficient communication between various actors: international bodies such as regulatory and funding organizations, NGOs, and QUANGOs; public bodies such as national, regional, and local governments; and private bodies such as businesses and trade organizations. Policy formation and implementation by public bodies entail a recognition of the interests (often conflicting) between these various stakeholders and the ability to make and enact policy and strategy decisions that have a realistic chance of success.

Destination Stakeholders And Policy

Learning outcomes

  • Identify and analyze the different stakeholder perspectives on tourism
  • Recognize, analyze and evaluate forces, (drivers of change) and factors that are affecting change in tourism destinations;
  • Evaluate governance and tourism policy discourse as techniques of power and their implications for society and tourism development.
people who will guide you through the course


Rami K. Isaac (PhD), Senior Lecturer and Researcher, Breda University of Applied Sciences

Born in Palestine, Rami Isaac did his undergraduate studies in The Netherlands, graduate studies in the U.K. and earned his PhD from the University of Groningen, in Spatial Sciences, in The Netherlands. He is currently a senior lecturer in tourism, teaching at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels at the Academy for Tourism at Breda University of Applied Sciences in The Netherlands. In addition, he is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Tourism and Hotel Management at Bethlehem University, Palestine. Currently, he is the Vice-President of the Research Committee 50 on International Tourism, International Sociologist Association ISA (2018-2024). His research interests include tourism development and management, critical theory,  and political aspects of tourism. He published numerous articles and book chapters on tourism and political (in)stability, occupation, tourism and war, dark tourism, violence and transformational tourism.

Course Materials - Literature

Butler, R. (2018) Challenges and opportunities, Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 10(6), 635-641,

Collins-Kreiner, N., Ram, Y. (2021). National tourism strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic. Annals of Tourism Research, 89.

Duineveld., M. & Van Assche, K. (2011). The power of tulips: Constructing nature and heritage in a contested landscape. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 13(2). 79-98.

Dwyer, L. (2015) Globalization of tourism: Drivers and outcomes, Tourism Recreation Research, 40(3), 326-339, https://doi 10.1080/02508281.2015.1075723Latour, B. (2014). Agency at the time of the Anthropocene. New Literary History, 45, 1-18.

Laws,H. Richins, J. Agrusa, & N. Scott. (Eds), (2011). Tourist destination governance: practice, theory and issues (pp. 173-185). Wallingford: CABI